An Annex from Navy Department, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations Naval History Division, Washington, D.C.
THE CONFEDERATE STONE FLEETThe Confederate Army and Navy found it expedient at times to constructbarricade at strategic points in inland waterways to permit the escapeDuring the first half of 1862, two areas of Virginia, Croatan Sound andof their forces, prevent captures, and impede the Federal advance. the Pamunkey River, were obstructed with numerous ships which wereserved briefly as transport. Varied sizes and types of ships, havingseized from private owners specifically for this purpose, or which had little if any previous service were loaded with stone and sand, orCSA, and employed to carry provisions and supplies while the arrny wasfilled with dirt, then towed to a designated spot and sunk as a hazard to all craft that passed. The following ships were seized by forces under Gen. J. E. Johnston,on the Pamunkey River. Most of the ships were then sunk in that vicinityat Yorktown. When the army withdrew toward Richmond, the transports were loaded with Government stores that were discharged at White House, Va., during May 1862 to delay Union gunboat.
Ships sunk at White House, Va., between 5 & 10 May 1862 CLAUDIA, owned by M. Williams
LITTLE ADDIE, sloop owned by J. Montgomery
Ships destroyed at Cooke's Island 5 & 10 May 1862AMERICAN COASTER, schooner owned by M. Crockett, was loaded with dirtand prepared for sinking but was captured by USS CURRITUCK. She wasDAVID VANAME, schooner owned by C. Johnsonlater used as a Union transport.DIANA HOPKINS, schooner owned by E. PhillipsHANNAH ANN, schoonerEXPERIMENT, schooner owned by W. Messick FRIENDSHIP, schooner owned by Allman and WattsKING WILLIAM, schooner owned by Sayre & FlemingJ. & G. FAIR, schooner owned by W. Lee J. T. CONNOR, owned by J. Bagby JOSEPHINE, schooner owned by W. Dansey
MARY ELIZABETH PRINCESS, schooner owned by W. Lee
MARY LUYSTER, owned by J. T. Bland ORNAMENT, sloop owned by Crittenden and Post PALESTINE, schooner owned by Thomas *PLANTERWILLIAM SHANBERG, schooner owned by W. Messick and E. PhillipsR. P. WALLER, schooner owned by T. Gilliam SARAH ANN, schooner owned by W. Ward **STARLIGHT WILLIAM EDWARD, schooner owned by J. and W. Thomas
Ships destroyed at Garlick's landing Between 5 & 10 May 1862JENNY LIND, schooner owned by J. F. New & Co.STAR, owned by S. Moon
Ships Burned Near Indian Town Between 5 & 10 May 1862RELIANCEWAY, schooner owned by Gresham and Bagby
Ships burned at Newcastle on 17 May 1862MARGARET SCHULTZ, owned by Harrenn and BallownO. WHITMOND, owned by J. WrightWATCHMAN, owned by J. BrownWALTON, owned by J. Warring WAVE, owned by R. HowardWILLIAM S. RYLAND, owned by W. Berkley
Ships burned at Cumberland between 5 & 10 May 1862CALIFORNIA, schooner owned by BlassinghamCAROLINE BAKER, schooner owned by F. and C. Post
Ships sunk near Bassett's Landing on 17 May 1862ALERT, owned by A. WestBETTY RICHARD, owned by W. SmithANN BELL, owned by W. ThomasJ. R. BAYLISFRANCIS AND THEODORE, owned by J. ArringtonJEFFERSON, schooner owned by Garefoster & BraumlyJAMES BRADEN, owned by S. Kimble JOHN ALLEN, schooner owned by S. GuyMARY BAXTER, owned by C. ParksLITTLE WAVE, owned by T. Hibble MARY ALICE, owned by Captail Gage MIRAGEPARAGON, sloop SARA WASHINGTON, schooner owned by Moore and Elliston
OXFORD, schooner of 85 tons and 7' draft built in 1855 at Dorchester,Md., and owned by Claybrook and Dobyns.WILLIAM AND WESLEY, schooner owned by J. CronmongerSEA WITCH, owned by J. Robins UNION, owned by B. F. Gresham VIRGINIA, owned by E. Lawson WILD PIGEON, schooner owned by W. MessickWILLIAM FRANCIS, schooner owned by C. Coleman
* PLANTER, a schooner, was prepared for sinking but was captured by USSCURRITUCK on 7 May 1862. She was turned over by the Union to her former owner in recognition of assistance rendered in the York and Pamunkey Rivers. ** STARLIGHT, also scheduled for destruction, was approached whilePotopotank River where she was abandoned. She was seized by CORWIN on 16underway for White House, Va., by USS CORWIN. STARLIGHT escaped up theJune and sent into Norfolk at a prize.